C&A Carlisle School File, (There is no date on this note)
Entitled to return home: Lydia Big Nose; Jessie Spreadhands; Myra Cedergrove; Clarence Warden. These are anxious to remain longer. Casper Edson; Wm. Fletcher; Arnold Woolworth; Carl Matches; Kias Williams; and Ernie Black also wish to return. Sarah Sitting Bull and Elkanah Dawson (Cheyenne)- father at Pine Ridge.

Text Copyright (c) 2004 John Sipes
(Berthrong Cheyenne Collection. Carlisle School Section.)

U.S. Indian Industrial School, Carlisle, Pa., June 13, 1885.
D.B. Dyer, U.S. Indian Agent, C&A Agency, Indian Territory.
Dear Sir,
The following students from your agency are entitled to return to their homes on account of expiration of the period for which they came: Lydia Big Nose, Jesse Spread Hands, Myra Cedar Grove & Cleaver Warden. These four are anxious to remain longer at the school, and it is my judgement they should. They are in good health and making satisfactory progress --- Casper Edson and Wm. Fletcher desire to return and come back in the fall. I should favor their doing so. Steve Williams says he wishes to return and help Mr. Vogt in the mission. Arnold Woolworth, Carl Matches, Kias Williams and Ernie Black wish to return and remain. They hope to get something to do. As Steve, Arnold and Kias are full grown men they can very properly take charge of their own future. Carl Matches and Ernie Black are still under age and might properly be held to school longer. Sarah Sitting Bull is reported by the school physician as having Scrofula and constitutional debility indicating that she had better be returned.
I would be very glad to have your views in regard to these students as early as practicable. Those that return will be started from here after the 1st.
Elkanah Dawson, Cheyenne, who came to us from your agancy, is also entitled to be returned: but his father is at Pine Ridge Agency and I will send him there.
In regard to Clarence Powder Face, I enclose letter from Dr. Given, which speaks for itself. I do not seem to have any grounds to ask for his return.
Very truly yours, /S/ R.H. Pratt, Capt. and Supt.
The money is placed to Clarences credit and subject to Powder Face order.
I mailed you a photo of your party taken last fall at Gettsburg.
O.G. Given to R.H. Pratt, June 13, 1885,
School Physician
Clarence Powder Face was "saturated with malaria" when he arrived at Carlisle Barracks, free of disease this year.

Text Copyright (c) 2005 Sipe/Berthrong Cheyenne Collections. Boarding School Files. Carlisle, Pa.

C&A Letterbooks, Vol. 27:383-385.
Charles F. Ashley to Commissioner of Indian Affairs, October 1, 1889.
I have the honor to transmit box of wedding cake with compliments of Leonard Tyler and Jennie Black, full blood Cheyenne Indians educated at Carlisle and Haskell Institutes, who were married Sunday the 19th ult. by Rev. H.R. Voth, at the Cheyenne School.This is the first event of this kind occuring at this agency. There were in attendance Cloud Chief and his wife, Wolf Chief and his wife, Buffalo Chief and his wife, Sleeping Wolf and his wife, Cedar Tree and his wife, Spotted Wolf and his wife, Contester and his wife, leading and progressive Indians of the Cheyenne and some twenty five others. The Indians all seemed pleased with the ceremonies and the bountiful dinner provided by the employees of the school, did them credit.
I need not expatiate the good likely to result from this event, providing these young people (who have started out together braving the prejudices and ridicule of their people and adopting the customs and ways of Civilization) and encouraged and sustained by your office.
Am repeating the request for Tyler as Asst. Indian Teacher, and to hire Jennie Tyler Asst. Seamstress at same school with compensation of $10.00. /S/ Charles F. Ashley.

Text Copyright (c) 2004 Sipes/Berthrong Cheyenne Collections. Boarding School Section.

U.S. Dept. of Interior
Office of Indian Affairs
Washington D.C.
Education- Administration Circular #401, March 12, 1910.
To All Indian Superintendents
"Report and statistics on returned students that attended non-reservation schools in so far as the success or failure is concerned."
Carlisle, Pennsylvania. (Name and Occupation Shown Below)
Ernie Black, works by the day and has sold his land.
Harvey White Shield, looks after his own business and rents his land for a share of the crop.
Joe Pawnee, none at present. 
William Abe Somers, none.
Alfred Brown,none.
Charles DeBrae, farmer.
Henry Roman Nose, none.
Cohoe, none.
James Hamilton, none.
(The above Cheyennes)
Arapahoes: Comanche, none; Phillip Rabbit, none; John H. Williams, none, has sold his land; Francis Lee, none; Dan Tucker, none; Cleaver Warden, farmer; Tom Carlisle, none; Howling Wolf, none, (Cheyenne).

Text Copyright (c) 2004 Sipe/Berthrong Cheyenne Collections. Boarding School Sec. - Returned Students.

Cheyenne and Arapaho Delegation regarding Black Hills Claims.
Watonga Republican Newspaper, Feb. 8, 1917.
A delegation of Cheyennes and Arapahoes were received by President Wilson - Three Fingers presented him with a tobacco pouch and Magpie gave beaded moccasins - saw the President for ten minutes.
Delegation consisted of Three Fingers, Little Man, Tobacco, Magpie, Hicks, Howling Water, Bull Tongue, Alfrich Heap of Birds, Victor Bushy Head.
Ernie Black and Deforest Antelope were interpreters.
While in Washington, they employed Victor J. Evans, a Washington attorney for the Black Hills claim, fee contingent upon winning the case.

Text Copyright (c) 2004 Sipe/Berthrong Collections. Black Hills and Chiefs Section.

Watonga Republican Newspaper Feb. 15, 1917.
Council held at Deforest Antelopes place. Victor J. Evans attended and eight chiefs and eight headsmen to sign the contract with Evans. Most signed with thumbmark. Deforest Antelope, chairman of the council with Alfred Wilson secretary.
Chiefs. Tobacco, Jacob Runner, Howling Water, Cloud Chief, Hicks, Little Hand, Springer, Turkey Legs.
Headmen. Tough Feathers, Porcupine, Buffalo Thigh, Short Nose, Sore Head, Blue, Victor Bushy Head, Alfrich Heap of Birds.
Interpreter Alfred Wilson and Deforest Antelope.
Delegates in fact. Deforest Antelope, Alfred Wilson and Ernie Black.
Note: Alfred Wilson not related to John Wilson family. (Sipes oral family history.)

Text Copyright (c) 2004 Sipe/Berthrong Collections. Black Hills and Chiefs Section.

Watonga Republican Newspaper, May 12, 1921, Thursday.
The C&A council held a meeting at Watonga, Okla., on Friday last. A struggle occurred between the younger educated leaders and the older, traditional leaders.
The council decided to go to Washington and present tribal claims to the Black Hills (South Dakota), which was signed away years ago without tribal authorization.
Temporary Chairman--Grant Left Hand but lapsed into Cheyenne quickly and the Arapahoes quickly found an interpreter.
President- Robert Burns- Concho
Vice- Pres.- Henry Rowlodge-Greenfield
Sec.-Jesse Rowlodge- Geary
Treas.- Ed Shield- Calumet
Delegates. Watonga--Deforest Antelope, Magpie, Little Hand, George Rearing Bull; Fay-- Turkey Legs and Chas, Starr; Concho--Robert Burns and Ed Shields; Calumet-- Mack Haag and Wm. Curtis; Geary--Jesse Rowlodge, Hail and Bird Chief; Clinton-- Alfrich Heap of Birds; Colony--Alfred Wilson and Left hand; Hammon-- Standing Water and Howling Water, Cantonment-- Ernie Black, White Wolf and Geo. Curtis; Carlton and Canton-- Henry Lincoln, Joe Williams, Frank Harrington, Little Raven, White Shirt, Bringing Good and Rabbit Run, Kingfisher-- Sampson Kelly, Sore Head, Henry Starr and John Block.

Text Copyright (c) 2004 Sipe/Berthrong Collections. Black Hills and Chiefs Section.

The Cheyenne And Arapaho Messenger
Vol. 5, Canton, Okla., March 1934, No. 3.
( Published Monthly by the Workers Conference of the missionaries in Oklahoma of the General Conference of Mennonites of North America ) 
Cantonment and Vicinity.
Florence Black who had been suffering for some time was permitted to go home on Feb. 16. The following day the funeral services were conducted at the Fonda church and her body was laid to rest in the cemetery at Cantonment. Florence was baptized in 1899 at Darlington, Okla., by a Rev. Mr. Newman. She placed her membership with us in 1930, tho she had been a faithful attendant here for a number of years before that. She delayed placing her membership with us hoping to induce her sister to become a Christian and join here at the same time. Tho she suffered much with rheumatism, she seldom failed from occupying her place in the church even tho at times it was necessary to lift her onto and off the wagon in order to get to the church. Florence attended the Indian school at Carlisle, Pa., and while there sang in the choir, becoming quite proficient along that line. We will miss her and her singing very much. However she passed on in full faith and confidence to sing the praises of her Redemeer in a loftier choir.

Text Copyright (c) 2005 Sipes/Berthrong Coll. Newspaper Section, Cheyennes, 1930-1940.

Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency, Concho, Okla., Sept. 23, 1938.
Guy Hobgood, Supt. to Dana Black, Canton, Okla.
(Dana Black requesting a typewriter for his daughter to use to practice at home and in school work as she is taking typing courses in school. Supt. Hobgood explains the need for a typewriter for the daughter of Dana whose name is Leorna Black but is unable to help.)
Canton, Oklahoma, September 13, 1938.
Mr. Guy Hobgood, Supt., Concho, Oklahoma.
I enclose a letter to you on September 13, 1938.
I wand a accomadation from you at this time. I have a daughter attending Seiling High School and she is in Junior class this fall and she need a typewriter. She is taking Typing Course and Bookkeeping.
I wand you to do me a favor on this typewriter. I would like to borrow one from Indian Office at Concho at this time or I woud borrow money to buy one typewriter. So please let me know at once how to get one typewriter at this time.
I will look for an answer from you in short time.
Yours trulys, /S/ Dana Black.

Text Copyright (c) 2005 Sipes/Berthrong Collections. Education Files.