Quanah, Descendant From a Prominent Texas Family.

  Jack Purmatah, Quanah, Sada-techka, Comanches, Loud Talker, Kiowa, accompanied by H.P. Jones interpreter are at present our guests.
  Quanah is the son of a Texas white woman, whose surname, Parker, is that by which one of the counties of that state is today recognized.
  This woman, when a child, was captured by a raiding band of Comanches. Alienation from home soon bred forgetfulness, and by the time maturity was reached she had become so inoculated with the habits and practices of her captors as not to be distinguished from the women of that tribe. Her identity was almost entirely lost by a union with Put-tark, a Comanche, by whom she had three children.  A few years later the hostile Comanches raided the Texas border, Put-tark’s wife followed in his wake, when, by a strange chance of fortune she was recaptured by the whites.
   It was not long until the fact of this capture reached the ears of the surviving brother of the woman’s father.
   Impelled by the thought that the captive and his lost niece might be one and the same, Mr. Parker hastened to Fort Worth in the hope of proving this identity.
   After an interview in which fruitless efforts vere made on the part of the interpreter to call up some forgotten memory of the past, Mr. Parker turned away disheartened and disappointed.
   Stopping and looking back he said, “I will make one last throw, we called the little one Cynthia Ann.”  Before the interpreter could speak, the woman bounded upon her feet and striking her breast cried in Comanche:
  "Me! Me!”
  That we “love our chains” was perhaps never better illustrated than in this case. Back to those of her own blood she was carried but she yearned for the people of her adoption.
  Gladly would she have sacrificed the ease and comfort of her life for some word of her boys. This longing wore her life away before she learned that one had been killed in the raid in which she was taken, while Quanah lives to advocate progressive measures for the uplifting of his people.
  Quanah’s maternal inheritance consists of two leagues of land granted by the Texas Legislature in recognition of the curious facts of his history, and also a portrait of his mother which is at present among the features of the exhibit
of the state of Texas at the New Orleans Exposition.

THE MORNING STAR -or- EADLE KEATAH TOH., February 1885.



Principal Chief Lone Wolf and Judge of the Indian Police Chad-die-kaung-ky, of the Kiowas, and Comanche Chief Cue-uip, who is a brother-in-law of the somewhat eminent Indian Quanah Parker of that vicinity, visited the Carlisle School on their way home from Washington, where they had been to see the President about the affairs of the tribe. They were accompanied by an interpreter, Mr. F.W. Woodward. Delos Lone Wolf went with them to Washington. They speak in highest terms of the way in which they were treated in Washington, and of the Carlisle Indian School.
MAY 12, 1893 INDIAN HELPER.



   On last Friday; Quanah Parker; head chief of the Comanche Indians of Oklahoma, Essatite, and Red Elk, also chiefs of the
same tribe, arrived from the west.
   Quanah was accompanied by his wife. They were all dressed in citizen's clothing. They have long hair and still adhere to the
traditional scalp lock. Mrs. Parker dresses in basque and skirt of gay colored material. She wears high heeled shoes: has diamonds on her fingers and carries a gold watch. Her hair is combed neatly back, parted in the middle, and tied at the
back in a single braid with red ribbon. She speaks no English.
   Quanah has three children with us. Tuesday, Lone Wolf, chief of the Kiowas, and Tsa dle’Konkag, Judge of the Indian
Court of Offenses arrived, making a striking company of representative men of the Indians of the south west.
The latter were also dressed in citizen’s clothes, and Lone Wolf has discarded the scalp lock, and wears short hair.
  On Wednesday the entire party left for Washington, and were accompanibd by Delos Lone Wolf, son of the Kiowa Chief.
  at Carlisle the chiefs took a great interest in examining into the world &inge ‘of the school and in drawing comparisons between y the then of long ago and now.
   On Thursday evening the school: was called together and music was tendered by the band and choir in onor of the visitors  which

VISITING CHIEFS.
   There was speech making on the part of the chiefs, and others. By way of introduction Captain said “Next June, will be 29 years since I met these people on the Little Washita down in the Indian Territory.”
   He remembered the time and place and incident very well. As Mr. Standing was an old friend of the chiefs, he having spend his first years among the Indians in the tribes they represent, Captain asked him to make a few introductory remarks.
Mr. Standing said in part: Among the many opportunities that come to us here that would not come elsewhere is that of meeting many of the prominent Indian chiefs of the day, from most of the Indian tribes of the United States.
These men have become great in their tribes by reason of force of character and natural ability, and have by the same means compelled the respect of all with whom they have come in contact. They have no education, but are intelligent and know how to make a good bargain.
   One of the strongest educational forces that had acted upon the Western portion of the country they represent has come by Indians visiting Carlisle and seeing as they could not see elsewhere the possibilities of education.
   We cannot estimate the good results of these visits; they are productive of very great good to the Indians as well as the people of the country.
After a-few minutes.more of very good talk,
i.h relation td the Kiowas and Comanches,
Mr. St&dingintroduced Quanah Packer. He
is not educat’ed in.books but is well versed in
general knowledge and business experience.
The Comau4pee are divided into small barids.
The band wliich Qnanah represents is called
QuabadeAntelbpe Eaters. The other bands
are Buffalo Eaters, Honey Eaters and Root . Eaters. i :,
Contimied on’4th page.
============================================
   Quanah is a rich man, owning 1000 head of cattle. He lives in a $6000 house, has 200 head of ponies, and 300 acres of land under cultivation.
   Twenty years ago he had nothing. When Quanah arose he was greeted with loud applause and spoke without interpreter. He had explained to Mr. Standing that he was afraid that he would not be understood in his broken English, but Mr. Standing asked the audience to be very still, and all were very still while Quanah said in part:  “I not talk English much. I been here. I days. I look all at you. I find out everything good. I come ‘000 miles Rest. Oklahoma, that’s where I come from. I telegraph the commissioner, me wants see my children. I go down Washington, I tell what I see here. Government wants open Indian country, Indian he no ready yet. You all Indian like me. Indian DO understand farm. He don’t know it how to make homes. That’s my idea.
   I don’t want to open my country soon. Some poor Indians no ready yet. May be half of it, they ready. That’s what I come for. That’s what I tell Commissioner.”
   We have not space to give the entire speech. Then Lone Wolf was introduced. Delos, his son, interpreted. When he began in the very strange Kiowa tongue many of the smaller children could not refrain from smiling, and some audibily, which was not meant for any disrespect. This lasted but a second, however, when Delos began with.  “He says: The first thought I wish to present to you is in a line concerning our business. We are on our way to Washington to adjust some matters concerning our people. Commissioners were appointed to treat with us. You no doubt have read of the proceedings. My friends Capt.
Pratt and Mr. Standing have read and know.  The Commissioners saw that the old chiefs were weak and they made things go their own way. We found that we will receive rations only two years, and not half of our people are farmers and are not able yet to take care of themselves. The time is too short. I am doing what I can in my feeble efforts to help my people.
   We have schools, one a mission school, and the two largest are Government schools. We are doing what we can to help the cause of education among our people. We cannot help feeling that Carlisle is doing a work that cannot be compared with any work that if going forward among the Indians.
   The reservation schools have allowed the children to speak the Indian tongue. Carlisle does not and for that reason Carlisle is
successful.
   Two years ago when I was here and stood before you, I said that I could see no difference between the pale faced children and our own, and it is because of the work that is going on here.
   I have said time and again, we men are as children. Our children who have learned the English language are stronger than we are.
   I have seen great buildings here which the Indian boys helped to erect. If Indians can do these things, Indians can do anything, [applause], and I extend the thanks of my people to your beloved Superintendent for such advantages.
   I cannot help feeling that he is a first rate doctor; he is giving you good medicine.” Then Captain wound up the evening with a
few remarks, showing his strong belief in Lone Wolf’s assertion that Indians can learn to do all that the white man can if they have the same opportnuity. He (Captain) would have been as much an Indian as Lone Wolf had he been born in Indian surroundings with no opportunity or encouragement bo be otherwise.
   “Lonewolf says you look like white people, it is because you have associated with white people,” said Captain.
-----------------------------------------------
When Chief Quanah Parker was asked if he
werd a Democrat or Republican he replied.;
“J staud up both sides.”
-------------------------
It will be remembered that Quanah Parker’s
mother was a white woman, taken captive
when a child during one of the raids made
down iu Texas by bhe Comanches mauy years
sgo. She grew up as one of the wild Indians
and fiually married an Indiau of the tribe.
When Quanah was quite a little child the
whites recaptured his mother and carried he1
back to her friends and surroundings, but EAR
had been so long with her Indian oapcors that
she had imbibed their spirit and begged to be
taken back to her wild Indian home. Is it not
so that External influences make the man?
Her friends would not take her back and so
she died of a broken heart. With her dying
breath SLP besought them to let her go back
to her Indian husband and children. It is said
that Quanah does not drink anythiug stronger
than coffee. neither will he gamble. He
claims rhat a chieftain occupying the position
be does needs all his mental facultiqs clear 80
that he may wisely govern his people.

 JANUARY 31, 1896 INDIAN HELPER.



  Harold Parker is in Washington with his father, Quanah Parker, chief of the Comanche Indians.
MAY 7, 1897 INDIAN HELPER


  Two Comanche Chiefs - Quanah Parker and Big Lookingglass, with William Tivis, class '90, as interpreter, a Kiowa chief, Ah-pea-tone, with John D. Jackson, Chilocco student as interpreter, and Apache Chief John, formed an interesting delegation of visitors this week, on their way to Oklahoma from Washington. Quanah Parker's wife Too-nah-suh was with him.  With the exception of long braided hair which six of them wore the men were all dressed as civilized people.
---------------------------------
  Chief Quanah Parker talks better English every time he comes East.  If he would lend himself to study for a few months or a year he could talk as well as any one.
MAY 14, 1897 INDIAN HELPER.


  We see by the Associated Press that Quanah Parker, father of several of the Parker children with us, was murdered and robbed on Wednesday, in the South West country.  At this writing we have not the particulars of the horrible deed.
The report is denied in a later paper.
AUGUST 6, 1897 INDIAN HELPER


  Harold Parker has received a letter from Anadarko, Okl., dated since the reported shooting of his father.  No mention was made of any such affray, and it is safe to say there is no truth in the story.  The newspaper man who would start such a story as that for the sake of the few pennies he gets for the item and its contradiction, should be dealt with severely.  Such falsehoods disgrace "newspaperdom."
AUGUST 13, 1897 INDIAN HELPER


   Harold Parker and his two sisters, Needle and Esther, were called to Washington this week by their father Quanah Parker, Chief of the Comanches, who is in the Capital City attending to tribal business.
MARCH 25, 1898 INDIAN HELPER


  Harold Parker is in Washington visiting his father - Chief Quanah Parker, of the Comanche tribe.
JUNE 16, 1899 INDIAN HELPER.



  Among the distinguished visitors of the week were Chief Quanah Parker and wife Tu-na-sir, Ah peah-tone, Apache John, John Jackson, Joe Harry, George Newton, and Ara-rose, all of Anadarko, Indian Territory.  Wanada and Esther Parker came in from their country homes to see their father, Quanah.  The latter said he was satisfied with what Carlisle was doing for his children.  He took his daughter Laura home with him, to return after a little vacation.
JUNE 23, 1899 INDIAN HELPER


  Harold Parker has gone home, to Kiowa and Comanche Agency, Oklahoma, for the summer.  He is the son of Quanah Parker of Southwestern repute.
July 6, 1900 INDIAN HELPER.

AN HISTORICAL ERROR CORRECTED.
     A T the Texas State Fair at Dallas, Texas, recently, when “Quanah Route Day” was being celebrated, Chief Quanah Parker, one of the most prominent Indian chiefs in the country and a leading citizen of Oklahoma, was present with his family, and made an address.
     Chief Parker availed himself of this opportunity to correct what he considered an error ‘concerning the historical records of his people. His address is reported as being delivered in remarkably good English, and with much eloquence; it showed a high order of intelligence and was convincing. He told of the real death of his father, Nacona, who was reported to have been killed
in the battle of Montieto, or Medicine Bluff, between Hardeman and Cottle Counties. Parker related that Nacona was not killed at this place, nor at this time, but that it was Nacona’s brother.  Nacona died several years later. Chief Parker is now an old man, who, for many years, has been a consistent friend of the white man and of civilization. He is paymaster for the United
States at Cache, Oklahoma.
January 1910 INDIAN CRAFTSMAN.