References to STANDING BEAR family in Carlisle
Indian School newspapers:
Joshua, Elwood, Howard, Amos, Dan Tucker, Luther,
Tom, Owen, Taylor, and Reuben are learning to play music on the brass band.
O, the horns are pretty. I think that there will be very nice to
have a band here.
August 1880 SCHOOL NEWS
.....Frank Twist, Luther, and Duke
in the tin shop.....
Luther received very fine
clothes from Willie Mills of New York and made him very happy to received
from a kind friend to the Indians such nice clothes.
October 1881 SCHOOL NEWS.
INDIAN TRAINING SCHOOL, January Ed.
DEAR FATHER STANDING BEAR: -We had no school for about one week
in 1881, but now we have the opprtunity to go to school this happy new
year 1882. So we are very glad to come to school today. Dear
father, I am double-miknded; I have a mind not to write this letter, because
I knew you never findmy letter, that is why I could not write much.
If you get it my letter every time, I would write as much as I can, and
I tell you all about the Indian training School. Before I say good
bye I will say a few words how I ma getting along; I am getting along very
well, adn then I will tell you now what I have done: - I am not to Captain
Pratt what tells me one time. He asked me who wanted to speak only
English every day, and said --"Hold up your hands, boys and girls."
So the boys and girls hold up their hands; but I did not do it. But
what is the reason I did not do that? I will tell you: When I forgot
it one word then I asked soembody in my language and I get it, taht is
reason I want try both. But this week I will try hard as I can.
I did not get discouraged, but I want to try hard both. So, dear
father, you must not be sorry, because I will try again. Let me know
how my relation are getting along. That is all I have to say: Let
me hear from you when you get this letter. Suppose I want to hear
from you. Good-bye.
From your son, L. STANDING BEAR.
February 1882 BIG MORNING STAR.
INDIAN TRAINING SCHOOL, CARLISLE, MARCH 31st, 1882.
DEAR FATHER STANDING BEAR : --
Day before yesterday one of the Sioux boys died. His name is
Alvan. He was a good boy always. So we were very glad for him.
Because he is better now than he was on Earth. I think you may be
don't know what I mean. I mean he has gone in heaven. Because
he was a good boy everywhere. I hope you will understand exactly
what I mean and you should think that way. I want you must give up
Indian way. I know you have give it up a little. But I want
you to do more than that and I told you so before this. But I will
say it again you must believe God, obey him and pray to Him. He will
help you in the right path and He will give you what you want if you ask
Him. Dear father I know it is very hard for you to do that out there.
But you can try to think that way you must try day after day until you
can do it. Then you will be always happy. Now I shall say a few words
about what we have done here. We are tyring to speak only English
nothing talk Sioux. But English. I have tried. But I
could not do it at first. But I tried hard every day. So now
I have found out how to speak only English. I have been speaking
only English about 14 weeks now I have not said any Indian words at all.
So I wish you will try to do like that after while you will go forward
in which is no sorry and no trouble. You could not do nothing if
you don't believe me what I told you in this letter. So I wish dear
father you must turn round and try to walk in the right way. Now
dear father I would like to know if you have that store. Do you keep
it yet or not? I will help you when I go back home. That is
all I have to say, Good-bye from your son.
LUTHER STANDING BEAR.
April 1882 School News.
Standing Bear, visited his son, who is one of our Sioux boys.
Be fore he came here the Sioux children all spoke only English. but
since he stoppd here, they could not speak only English, for one
week because he talked to them in his language.
Not long ago a new thought came to the Sioux boys. They thought
it would be good to have his son, to interpret for him when they want to
talk to him. This is not the only time Luther
will interpret for his father. He will interpret for his father as
long as he lives, and so th eother boys will interpret for their tribes
when they return to their homes. Their tribes will have not only one interpreter
as some tribes have now, but the boys will all be able to interpret for
May 1882 SCHOOL NEWS:
The Sioux children returned home Monday the 19th of June.
Tears was shed in abundance. We were sorry to part with them, but
on the other hand we were glad to know that they returning to their homes
expecting to help their people.
Maggie, Luther, Edgar,
Robert, Clarence and Frank Twist were the only Sioux children who were
brave enough to stay, while the others were going home. They knew
that they could return if they wished to but they would not go, knowing
that it is best for them to stay. These are the students who try
to learn something, and we think by the end of the next three years they
will learn more and will be better able to take care of themselves and
earn their own living.
Some Indian Territory children will return 1st of July.
June 1882 SCHOOL NEWS.
Standing Bear was a guest at Carlisle Barracks for some weeks
to visit his son Luther who is now
in a shop in York at work at his trade. That he believes in the work done
here at this school we infer from a letter written by Luther to his teacher.
He writes: "I got a letter from my father and he said that he going to
send his three children to Capt. Pratt; but I wrote to him and told him
Capt. Pratt don't want 2, 3, 4 children to come to school from one man.
So may be only one, my sister will be here or not."
THE MORNING STAR, Sept. 1882.
STANDING BEAR MY DEAR FATHER. - We had a funeral this evening one of
the scholars died. The grandson of Standing Bear, Ponca Chief.
What do you think of that? you think we felt sorry and cried walked
around and killed horses and gave them away the things which we have? or
cut ourselves and crying for him every day because we love him? Now this
is what I want to say something about that. You know it is not right
to do that way. If we are truly civilized. We know it is not
that way what we want to learn the knowledge of civilization. I want
you must give up the Indian ways, you must turn to the good way and try
to walk in it, the way of which is God love. Try to be civilized
while we try to get a good education. I hope you have determined
to do this. Don't think just your children shall be civlized and
you just keep on the Indian way, because you are too old now. But
you must go with us in teh whites road. I feel glad adn happier when
I look toward the way of civilization and I feel so sorry when I look back
to my own way in the Indians way. Dear father think of this.
There only about 250,000 Indians in all. In just one state in New
York there are 5,000,000 people. Now if they don't take care of the
Indians how can we live if we are not civilized. Father think of
this and try to follow the white men's way. Do what I have told you,
don't just hear the words and will not do my words. I say to you
these words from my heart. I shall be very glad to know if you try
to do in this way which I told you to do. Now this is all.
We are all very well and happy. From Your Son. LUTHER
February 1883 EADLE KEATAH TOH.
Among the sixteen boys who have left our school during the month
to care for themselves on farms and elsewhere are Clarence ThreeStars and
Standing Bear, Sioux, who have gone to Wanamaker's store, Philadelphia,
on trial; ......
March 1884 MORNING STAR / EADLE KEATAH TOH.
Two of our Sioux boys, Luther Standing
Bear and Clarence Three Stars, who are employed in Wanamaker's
store, Philadelphia, made us a short visit at the time the Congressional
party were here. Luther belongs to our brass band.
Miss Kate Irvine has returned from a trip to Rosebud Agency,
Dakota, where she went recently in charge of Max Spotted Tail, ill with
consumption. We shall have at some future time a full account of
her journey, with thoughts and incidents of Indian life, but what she saw
and hear in regard to some of our returned Rosebud pupils is of immediate
Philip Good Voice has a wife and child. They are
living on a small farm and doing well.
Marshall Bad Milk, a small boy, went to the Yankton School
last year, and is now home on his vacation.
Julian is farming.
Reuben Quick Bear is assistant teacher in a day school
a few miles out from the Agency. He is doing excellently.
Samuel High Bear is married to a camp Indian girl, but
doing good service on the Agency police force.
Stephen Murray is mail carrier between Rosebud and Valentine,
and does well.
Ralph I.E. Feather is employed as carpenter. He
is a good worker.
Cecil is of no account.
Luther Standing Bear and
Daniel milk, who returned this summer we are sorry to hear do not wish
to accept positions as common laborers at $5.00 a month.
Miss Irvine's stay at the agency was so short and the
pupils so scattered over the reservation that it was impossible to get
reports from nearly all.
AUGUST 1885 MORNING STAR
Henry Standing Bear is the
quickest mail boy we ever had.
November 4, 1887 INDIAN HELPER
Corporals Henry Standing Bear,
(Sioux) and Constant Bread, (Apache) have been promoted to Sergeants; and
Privates Victoriana Gachupin, Robt. Marmon, (Pueblos) and Norman Cassedore,
(Apache) have been promoted to Corporals.
December 9, 1887 INDIAN HELPER
ANOTHER PLEASANT EVENING IN THE CHAPEL.
On Monday evening, at the ringing of the bell, all happily gathered
in the chapel to listen to the singing and speech-making of the boys and
The Man-on-the-band-stand did not go, but he saw and heard everything
from his stand.
The opening piece by the choir delighted his dear old heart,
for it was beautifully sung; but when Job Hunter Boy said in a speech that
every exhibition was the best, the old man felt that Job was making fun
Of course every exhibition is the best. We are growing
better all the time.
But who is that skipping out on the platform. Little Jack
Standing, as I'm alive. "Pussy in the well," he is saying, and all
the while he speaks he almost dances because he is so glad to give us his
first speech and that salute of Jack's brought down the house. The
boys and girls thought they could bring him out the second time by clapping
hands and waving handkerchiefs but no, Jack had done well once, and he
was satisfied. All the cheering did not move the little hero of the
Hartley Ridge Bear's "Hammer" piece was well spoken. Hartley
showed an earnestness of purpose and a manliness that pleased the old man.
Ruth Kisero although far away in New Mexico, was represented
by a nice composition which she wrote before she left. Louisa Smith
A class of little Apaches from No. 3 did well.
The Alpine song by the school was followed by a recitation from
Henry Phillips, our brave little Alaskan, who is the farthest from his
home of any boy here except his friend who came with him.
Then Stiya gave a recitation, not very well heard, and Harry
Raven read a composition on "Education."
Another class of Apaches told us what they like to do.
It is astonishing how plainly they speak. Some of the other tribes
will have to watch out or the Apaches will come off ahead in English speaking.
"The song of the forge," by Jemima Wheelock was nicely recited,
while the Wind Song, by the choir charmed every one present.
After this Talbot, an Apache who came last May, spoke.
James Paints Yellow gave a recitation. Mary Bailey, Belle Logan,
Madge Mason and May Paisano were together in a Colloquy, and did their
parts in a way that pleased.
Thomas Metoxen spoke for the first time. His piece was well
selected and plainly delivered.
Tazoski gave a Temperence speech, and then Miss Leverett and
Miss Shears refreshed the audience with a very pretty duet.
Henry Standing Bear did
not read his composition as well as he might have, but Lida Standing did
her best and made us feel sorry for the poor little goose she told about.
"Revolutionary Rising," a declamation by John Londrosh, had
in it much that was strong and manly, and Katie Grinrod's composition on
colors was true and to the point.
No. 7 school varied the exercises by singing.
January 20, 1888 INDIAN HELPER
The Y. M. C. A.
The Y. M. C. A. met in the chapel on Thursday evening, the 8th.
President Levering announced that the meeting was for the purpose
of electing new officers as the time of the present officers had expired.
The election proceeded and resulted as follows:
For President-Frank Lock, Vice President -Chester Cornelius,
Recording Secretary-Kish Hawkins, Treasurer-Stacy Matlack.
Committee on Membership-William Tivis, Chairman, Odellah Ahtley,
Wilkie Sharpe, Phillip B. White, Harvey Townsend.
Committee on Devotion-Percy Kable, Chairman, Charles R. Moore,
Staley Norcross, Levi St. Cyr, Henry S. Bear.
The meeting also fixed that the Sunday afternoon prayer meetings
will be changed to the evenings. The meeting adjourned.
The Republic Debating Society met in school room No. 10. The
new business brought in was to postpone the public entertainment which
was to be held the 30th inst., until sometime in April. After a lively
discussion, the House decided to do so.
It was then moved and seconded, to elect new officers, as the
terms of the present officers have expired, and the following members were
President-Frank Lock, Vice President-Dennison M. Wheelock, Secretary-Howard
Logan, Treasurer-Frank Jannies, Marshal-Henry
Standing Bear, Reporter-John Londrosh. The members of the Committee
on Arrangements-Kish Hawkins (chairman) John D. Miles and Charles D. Wheelock.
March 30, 1888 INDIAN HELPER
Did you know the Man-on-the-band-stand had a band? Nobody knew
it until Tuesday night of this week when he and his whole band came to
the Union and Republic Society entertainment.
Poor old man! How he has aged since we last saw him! He was
only a little gray last year, but on Tuesday night his dear old whiskers
were as white as cotton itself.
He looked bent and tired, too.
No wonder he was tired if he drilled that billed. Wonder if
he made his band-uniform!
The uniform was not very uniform but it answered the purpose
and we had a good laugh. The old man didn�t seem to care how much we laughed
either, and when one of his boys played a good tune through his tin horn,
the delighted old gentleman patted him on the shoulder and said "Very good!"
"Very good," which made the others toot louder than before. We were almost
afraid that Conrad would burst a blood vessel he blew so hard.
The meeting all through was an enjoyable time. After the Man-on-the-band-stand
and his band left the room the soldiers under the leadership of Sergeant
Carl Leider gave a beautiful drill with wooden muskets and tin boyonets.
The dumb-bell aud club exercises which followed were a fine exhibition
of muscular drill and graceful movements. The debate of Resolved, That
Indian education be compulsory, was entered into with spirit and showed
that, the boys had thought deeply upon the subject. Henry
Standing Bear�s declamation and Chas. Wheelock�s essay were
both good and the dialogue very funny.
April 27, 1888 INDIAN HELPER
Henry Standing Bear sent five subscriptions
this week for the HELPER.
June 22, 1888 INDIAN HELPER
Henry Standing Bear writes from
his delightful country home that he is still well and happy.
July 20, 1888 INDIAN HELPER
A recent letter from Rosebud, Dak., gives pleasant news from Luther
Standing Bear, who often interprets at the church and reads
one or both lessons in Dakota, and when the minister is away reads the
service. Frank Jannies has gone to Pine Ridge, perhaps to stay. Frank and
Hope Locke are doing very nicely indeed. The people at Rosebud think that
Hope talks English more readily than most of the other girls who have returned
and are pleased to find her sociable. Julia Eagle Feather is happy to have
Ralph back from his travelling tour with a Medicine Company. A great many
children died of La Grippe and Whooping Cough this winter. Charlotte Four
Horns lost her little baby. Pollock Spoted Tail is not looking very well.
Feb 28, 1890 INDIAN HELPER
Levi Levering, Dennison Wheelock, Howard Logan, William Morgan, Stacy
Matlack, Casper Edson, William Tivis, Percy Zadoka, Henry
Standing Bear, Reuben Wolf, Chauncey Y.Robe, and John Tyler,
attended the District Convention of the Y. M. C. A., held at Chambersburg,
last week. Some of our boys addressed the Convention and received very
April 4, 1890 INDIAN HELPER
Luther Standing Bear, Sioux, spent six years at Carlisle,
and knew no English before. He learned the tinner's trade, but has been
teaching ever since he returned, and is earning $25 a month. He married
a girl educated at the Hope School, Springfield, Dakota. They have two
children adn are living in a frame house of their own. Has never smoked,
drank liquor or sworn since he went home in 1885. Does not farm but has
a garden. Had one trouble, but has since done well, attends the Episcopal
June 1890 THE RED MAN, p. 4.
The officers of the Y. M. C. A. as newly elected, stand as follows:
President, Levi Levering, Vice-President, John B. Tyler; Recording Secretary,
Standing Bear; Corresponding Secretary, Stacy Matlack; Treasurer,
Samuel Noble; Membership Committee, Kish Hawkins, Luke B. Shield, Henry
Phillips, Norman Cassadore, StaileyNorcross. The Invincible Debating Society
elected officers as follows at its last meeting: President, C. P. Cornelius;
Vice-President, John Tyler; Secretary, Edwin Schanandore; Treasure,
Henry Etandiug Bear; Critic, Mr. Wm. P. Campbell ; Sergeant-at-arms, Peter
Cornelius; Reporter, Benjamin Caswell. Several new members were admitted.
September 23, 1890 INDIAN HELPER
Henry Standing Bear has been placed
in charge of the school-rooms in the place of Stacy Matlack, who started
for his home on Wednesday evening, to see his sick mother.
September 23, 1890 INDIAN HELPER
Franchise Day for the Indians, February 8, was celebrated at our school
on the evening of the 9th, by a public debate of the question: Resolved,
That the breaking up of the reservations, and the giving to the Indians
individual holdings of land, does not constitute the most important step
in their regress toward civilization and citizenship. Henry
Standing Bear opened the debate. He was followed by Stacy Matlack,
neg.; Charles Daganett, aff.; Gary Myers, neg.; Levi Levering, aff. ; Kish
Hawkins, neg. ; Edwin Schanandoah neg. ; and Benj. Caswell aff. Judge Henderson,
Capt. Pratt and Dt. Dixon were appointed judges, and decided that the affirmative
had the best of the argument. Judge Henderson prefaced the decision with
some very forcible remarks upon the merits of the argument on both sides,
and expressed great pleasure in the privilege af being present and acting
as one of the judges. The best speeches of the evening were by Henry
Standing Bear, Chas. Dagenett and Benj. Caswell, while others
did very well indeed, The additional speakers who came forward with three-minute
remarks were, Levi St. Cyr, Peter Cornelius, Martin Archiquette, Robert
Mathews, Mark Evarts, and Frank Everett. The day was made memorable by
this occasion and Senator Dawes brought conspicuously and admiringly to
the front as the originator of a great and progressive Indian bill.
February 13, 1891 INDIAN HELPER
Henry Standing Bear has gone to
his home at Rosebud Agency, South Dak.
June 12, 1891 INDIAN HELPER.
Henry Standing Bear writes to Capt.:
"If you had seen our agency when you came you would have said: "How could
my boys and girls return and stay home? I found all my horses in a starving
state and all my cattle totally gone. They were taken to the bad lands
during the trouble and were killed by the hostiles. Those were the cattle
for which I would have money to put myself through school or college. I
am at present assistant teacher, but will leave soon. I can't live here
any longer. I am very anxious to get more education and will fight for
October 2, 1891 INDIAN HELPER
The meeting of the Alumni on Thursday evening was one of the
interesting features of Commencement week. Mr. Dennison Wheelock
presided, and Miss Nellie Robertson performed the duties of Secretary.
A large number of letters were read from ex-students and alumni from all
parts of the country. Extracts from these interesting letters will
appear in the Red Man, if not in the March number, the next issue.
The speakers were Henry Standingbear,
class '91, of Pine Ridge Agency, South Dakota. Howard Gansworth,
'94, Supt. Pierce, of the Oneida school, Wisconsin, General Carrington,
Albert Bishop, class '92, Major Pratt, Jacob Jamison, '98, Siceni Nori,
'94, and William Patterson of New York.
March 10, 1899 INDIAN HELPER
Henry Standingbear and Thomas
Blackbear, who stopped off on their way home to South Dakota from Washington,
D.C., where they have been attending to tribal business, were Miss Cutter's
guests for dinner, on Sunday. Both of these ex-pupils are representative
young men of the Sioux tribe, making honorable records for themselves as
they work into responsible positions of trust for their people.
April 7, 1899 INDIAN HELPER
Indian Dies in Bellevue.
James Mossiaux, a Sioux Indian, nineteen, who had been
playing at the Hippodrome; died in Bellevue Hospital lately after an illness
of three days. He caught a severe cold last week which developed into pneumonia,
and he was removed to the hospital, from his boarding house Friday afternoon.
His body was removed to the Morgue and later was taken to the Pine Ridge
Agency, South Dakota, for burial in the cemetery on the scene of the battle
of Wounded Knee.
Henry Standing Bear,
the Carlisle graduate, who is in charge of the Hipodrome Indians James
Grass and Joseph Foot, cousin of Mossiaux, called at Bellevue to see the
sick man. They said Mossiaux's father took part in the battle of Wounded
Knee, under Sitting Bull, and that he is now a prosperous Indian, owning
several hundred acres of land. The two cousins accompanied Mossiaux's body
back to Pine Ridge. - Ex.
October 18, 1907 ARROW
Henry Standing Bear, a Sioux from
the Pine Ridge Agency, and a graduate of Class �91, has been employed as
shipping clerk by Sears, Roebuck & Company, Chicago, Ill.
January 1911 RED MAN
Two Good Carlisle Indians.
Two Carlisle Indian graduates who have made good in the world were here
for commencement. They were Henry Standing Bear
Charles Dagenett, both graduates of the class of 1891. Dagenett is supervisor
of Indian employment for the Government, with offices at Denver, Colorado.
Perhaps the more interesting character of the two is
Bear. After graduation he clerked in a store in South Dakota
in which state is his home. Then he engaged in ranching. In 1892 he took
Indians to the World�s Fair in Chicago, among them being Geronimo,
Red Cloud, Sitting Bull and Chief Joseph. Being tall and of well defined
Indian features, and possessing a good education, Standing Bear desired
to become an actor and he made good in companies that took him all over
the country. One of them was �The Squaw Man,� which was played by three
different companies. He said at the C. V. station this morning before going
west: �While I have been here I looked over the register of visitors at
the school and I learned that I was the only show man of graduates here.
I shall soon give up the business, although for eight years I have been
very, successful and have made good money to buy some ??????? which I will
take out west. I lately came with a theatrical company from Nova Scotia.
go from here to Mr. Dagenett and I Columbus, Ohio, to attend a conference
relative to the proposed Congress of Indians of all tribes to be held next
fall. �Carlisle Evening Sentinel."
April 14, 1911 CARLISLE ARROW.
MANY CARLISLE GRADUATES AT COLUMBUS.
IT IS a pleasure to those interested in Indian education to know that
such a large representation of graduates and returned students of Carlisle
were at the convention and took a leading part in its deliberations. The
following graduates, ex-students and students of the Carlisle Indian School,
Pennsylvania, attended the American Indian Conference at Columbus, Ohio,
12-16, 1911: Esther Miller Dagenette, Class 1889; Rosa Bourassa LaFlesche,
Class 1890; Nellie Robertson Denny, Class 1890; Charles Dagenette, Class
1891; Martin Archiquette, Class 1891; Henry Standingbear,
Class 1891; Siceni J. Nori, Class 1894; Dr. Caleb Sickles, Class 1898;
Albert Exendine, Class 1906; Wallace Denny, Class 1906; James Mumblehead,
Class 1911; Horton G. Elm, ex-student Albert Hensley, ex-student; Clement
Hill, John Goslin, Abram Colonahaski, Jane Butler, Nora McFarland, students.
November 1911 RED MAN
Henry Standing Bear, Class �90,�
who is at present located in Chicago, has recently been visiting at his
home in Pink Ridge, S. Dak.
December 27, 1912 ARROW
NARA ABSTRACTS FOR STANDING BEAR'S FROM GENEVIEVE BELL'S DATABASE:
Luther Standing Bear:
Sioux Brule [Kills Plenty - real name]
Parents: father: Standing bear, (brave)
Address given: Rosebud
Arrived CIIS: 10/6/79
Departed CIIS: 7/6/1885
Age at arrival: 15
Other info: 1910 at Pine Ridge, 1911 store
clerk at Macy, Nebraska.
Worked for M. Schall in York, PA from 6-9/'82. John Wanamaker,
Philadelphia PA 3/'84-6/'85. 1911 married to Mary Splicer, renting
house owns land at Pine Ridge, asst' teacher 7 years and clerk in Ind office
1 1/2 yrs, travelled briefly with Indian show. "the school may not
be in favor of the shows but that is where I have seen and learned a good
deal from too. As the saying goes experience is a good teacher. During
my travels I have been amongst good and bad but I never forgot what I was
taught at Carlisle, not to drink, not to smoke, not to chew tobacco or
tell lies. I tell you I have been where temptation was strong espcially
in the show line. But believe me I have lived up to what I was taught.
I went to Carlisle in the yr of 1879 Oct 6 with the blanket on. In
fact I was one of the first students. It was good to be in school
but it's hard when you get out in the world." 1912 - was in Sioux
City, Iowa working in a dry goods store. Also at Carlisle was Luther's
sister, Victoria Standing Bear.
Victoria Standing Bear:
Blood Quantum: full
Parents:living, father Standing Bear (headman)
Age at arrival:16
Other info: worked downtown for Mrs. Jane
Miller in Carlisle,September through December 1883. Worked for Wistar Morris
Overbrook April 1884-May 1885 in Philadelphia. In 1913 living
in LaCreek SD married to Frank Conroy and is president of women's sewing
Willard Standing Bear:
"Shot to Pieces"
Blood Quantum: full
Parents: Standing Bear (head Man)
Address given: Rosebud
Arrived CIIS: 11/30/82
Departed CIIS: 6/13/87
Age at arrival: 14
Other info: Worked for George Miller, Chambersburg
April 1884 through July 1884. In 1910 living in Allen SD working as a rancher.
[pictograph in CCHS collections]
Henry Standing Bear:
"Kills Little" Sioux Brule
Blood Quantum: 1/4
Parents: Standing Bear (chief)
Address given: Rosebud
Arrived CIIS: 11/14/83
Departed CIIS: 6/5/91
Age at arrival: 15
Other info: graduated class of '91.
1909 been married to 4
women owned some land not employed, last arrested
in NYC for
bigamy but former wives failed to present
.. cases dropped..
Last wife (white woman)picked her up at show
in Coney Is. She sued
for possession of land in SD. 1910 shipping
clerk in Sears Roebuck in Chicago. 1911 Belvedere SD as showman.
Daughter Rose attended Carlisle.