C&A Lettterbook, Vol. 1,pg.7.
To Honorable J.L. Smith, Comdr. Indian Affairs. Washington D.C.
From John Miles, Darlington, (date faded) 1875.
In securing the attendance of Cheyenne children at our school... and to get the two tribes to consent to have their children mingle in the same school is a triumph over tribal animosities. "Bull Bear", "Big Horse", and "White Shield" Cheyenne Chiefs who did not join in the chase on account of sickness have been quite energetic in placing their children in the school.
"Bull Bear", one of the noted old war chiefs has now got a son nine (9) years of age in the school with his hair "shingled" close and neat, as is required of all and dressed like a white boy . He says he has raised two or three older sons "in the Army" as we would express it and he now gives his last son "to Washington to educate". One other Cheyenne who presented me his little girl to place in school made a very touching speech in substance about as follows. "The Whites killed my father and mother at Sand Creek and last summer took my only brother and sent him away from us. My heart has felt bad towards the Whites many years but today I have thrown that feeling all away. Take my child as a proof of my sincerity."

(Berthrong/Sipes Cheyenne Coll. Boarding School/Ft. Marion POWs Section, 2004)

(16) Wo-pah-he-vah/White Shield; 1 man, 2 women, 3 children, total 6; 

Text Copyright (c) John L. Sipes 2004 Sipes/Berthrong Cheyenne Collections. Fort Marion and Darlington Agency, Indian Territory Sections, File Numbers 42-56. Enrollment of Cheyenne and Arapahoe Tribe of Indians at the Agency. (This census shows native name, English interpretation, number of men, women and children in the family with the total in family. Notation at end of this Cheyenne census states: "I certify on honor that the foregoing is a full correct and complete list of Cheyenne Indians - and those only - at the Cheyenne and Arapahoe Agency, Indian Territory, who are entitled to subsistance. (S)" Jon D. Miles, U.S. Indian Agent, Cheyenne and Arapahoe Agency, I.T., March 1st, 1878.

C&A Carlisle School, Pratt to Miles, Aug. 27th, 1881.
Students on vacation with farmers.
Miles; Davis; Darlington; Harvey White Shield; Hayes; Hubbell; Joseph; John Washa; Doty; Chester; Morton; Elkanah; Frank Engler; Clarence; Theodore; Van Horn; Casper; John Williams; Red Hat; Lucy Cheyenne;Minerva; Ada Bent; Matilda; Anna Raven; Minnie Yellow Bear; Leah and Ella Hippy and Steve Williamson.

Text Copyright (c) 2004 John Sipes
(Berthrong Cheyenne Collection. Carlisle School Section.)

   We are in deep sympathy with Agent Miles in the loss of one of his able helpers. Harvey the son of White Shield ranks among our most hopeful pupils and we have reason to hope when he is fitted to stand among his people in his father's place he may be always found on the side of Right as is here testified his father did.
        DARLINGTON I.T. JAN 12, 1883.

DEAR FRIEND - -It becomes my painful duty to report the death of "White Shield," Cheyenne chief and father of your boy Harvey White Shield. He died on 8th. inst ” He was on his way to Caldmell KS after freight and was taken sick with something like congestive chill He started back but did not reach the Agency He died on King Fisher Creek 22 miles
north from the Agency. At his request his remains were brought to the Agency Cemetery and were buried near “Mahimics grave. All the Cheyenne School folk including teachers, attended the funeral and took part in the funeral exercises Rev. E G. Taber and Rev. Harvey officiating. In “White Shield” we had our strongest school advocate and in fact in all matters of progress he was a leader. It seems almost strange to us that so many of our best men have
to die, where to us it would seem that they ought to be spared to extend their usefulness in bringing forward their people. I know “White Shield” was a good man and in all his actions for 8 years past has been actuated by pure motives and in every instance where it has been necessary to draw a sharp line between right and wrong we have found him firmly fixed
on the side of right. Other Chiefs many of them have for the sake of popularity among their people faltered in the presence of opposition. “White Shield” has remained true and firm. I know it will be a sad message for Harvey, but do comfort the boy with the assurances that you can. His mother wants him to come home, and as his father had several herd of cattle,
horses and other property it would seem natural that he should be at home, yet I will leave it entirely with you to speak of this or not. It would also be a great pity for him to come home just now, friend.
Your friend.
Jno. D. MILES. Ind. Agent.

January 1883 MORNING STAR

C&A School, Carlisle School, Pratt to Miles, Jan. 27, 1883.
Katy Wahahesa, Effie Hart, (Arapahoe girls), Harvey White Shield and Frank Engler being sent home. Frank and Harvey wish to stay.

Text Copyright (c) 2004 John Sipes
(Berthrong Cheyenne Collection. Carlisle School Section.)

  Old Pupils Heard From.

   Under date of December 4th, Edgar McCasley, who is attending a Business College at Lawrence, Kansas, writes:
   "I was out to Haskell Institute, last Saturday and saw Calvin Red Wolf, and Samuel Noble assisting in the kitchen, Percy Kable in the tailor shop and I believe Moore Van Born is still shoe-making.
   Frank Eagle is an assistant clerk in the office. Harvey White Shield attends the State University, and Hartley Ridge Bear and James Kariho are also at Haskell Institute But I did not learn what they are at. 
   Lamotte Primaux and I are attending College in the City."

December 14, 1888 INDIAN HELPER

Harry White Shield is working in the Tailor Shop at Haskell Institute. He is there earning wages to help him through the Kansas State University which he has attended some time. Harvey says that Carlisle is not far ahead of Haskell as they have everything very nice there.

March 22, 1889 INDIAN HELPER

      News of Former Pupils.
   A recent letter from Haskell Institute states that Lamotte Primaux is employed in the office of the Journal Printing Co. of Lawrence that Harvey White Shield is a tailor, Calvin Red Wolf, gardener, Hartley Ridge Rear baker, James Kariho teamster, Sam Noble in the kitchen, Frank Eagle copyist in the office, Tom Tall Chief carpenter, Edward Eleazer, guard and Joe Big Wolf stable boy at Haskell Institute. They were all former students at Carlisle. 
   The same letter also says, "The INDIAN HELPER comes out to the Institute in the Sunday mail and we all look for it very anxiously. I heard last Sunday one of our boys (Carlisle boy) saying that he wished the HELPER could be enlarged so we could hear more news from "home."

May 24, 1889 INDIAN HELPER

   Through a letter from Mr. Potter, who for several years was a worker among the Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indians and last year was numbered among Carlisle's employes but now is located on a homestead in Oklahoma, we learn that:
   "Harry Raven is a clerk in the trader's store and is the proud father of a little boy whom he calls William Miller Raven, and says "That name will be seen on the rolls at Carlisle in the year 1900.'
   Harvey White Shield is locating on a claim adjoining the city of King Fisher. He has his eye open to business when the Cheyenne Reserve opens up.
   Hubell Big Horse is toiling hard on his farm on the Washita, under Mr. Seger.
   Robert Burns and Cleaver Warden are clerking in the Agent's office and are very efficient.
   Paul Boynton wears only blanket with face painted, and I have never seen him yet to know him.
   John D. Miles, Ernie Black, Bird Seward, and others are scouts receiving $25 a month and found, and they are endeavouring to save part of their salaries for a rainy day, although they find it up hill work, having numerous relatives and friends who are always ready to hang on to the working Indians for support.
   Leonard Tyler and other Carlisle boys are very active in their efforts to persuade the other Indians to take their lands in severalty and become individuals.
   The Cheyenne school has received large appropriations and is to be converted into a large training school after the pattern of Carlisle, equipped with a full system of shops, etc. No prettier location could have been selected.
   It is quite refreshing to receive the HELPER with its lively and newsy articles.
   Carlisle seems to be the centre of the Indian universe.
   It is the sun of Indian civilization the light of which pierces its way into the farthest reservation.
   All other agencies and instrumentality's are more or less guided by and attracted to their source and head -- the great civilizer, Carlisle.
   Cut off the light, the teachings and the power which is diffused daily from that great institution and nothing less than a drought in the field of Indian civilization and advancement would certainly follow. Any one who would endeavour to cramp or lessen the usefulness of the Carlisle school is certainly far from being plumb in the upper story.
   It seems ridiculous to censure or under value the work of such an institution owing to retrogression of some of the students who return to the reservations where a life of idleness and sin awaits them.
   What percentage of the number of the white students leaving other schools make life a success and shine out as brilliant lights? And yet they have ot to contend with the destroying influences of an Indian reservation.
   The reservation is a poor old granary in which to store the products of such a school as Carlisle. 
   Why blame the farmer or censure his methods of work if the results of his labours are stored against his wishes in a place where his grain will be destroyed?"

August 22, 1890 INDIAN HELPER

(continued from 1st page)
   As the sun descended the West, the warriors were feasting from their simple store of meat.
After the feast came the customary savage ceremonies of lighting the pipe, and then
came the smoke of peace before the battle. The darkening shadows about their secluded
spot told Th. warriors that their inverted day of business was approaching.
   Big Spotted Rome arose after replacing the pipe in its case ad addressed these words to
his all attentive disciples:
   “Children, it is well! The time is upon US! The sun is going out of sight. Hear! The
enemy is gay. We are not come to visit. We are erred one poor. Blessing, children!
Brothers ! We are on foot. The gods willing yea shall stride select horses from yonder herds.
?\‘ow I go!” whereupon the band emerged from the wood leaving no traces as they went.
It was at this juncture that Iron Shirt, the lone horseman, had glanced towards the end
of the timber, but he had been seen first by the Pawns.
   Spotted Horse was taking his fourth step in kangaroo posture, with one hand sliding his
eyes, when in a tragic whisper he exclaimed “Cheerio!” and instantly five warriors were
upon the ground frolicking perfectly like wolves: ad when the Cheyenne rode on they
crawled back under cover.
   Iron Shirt turned his pony into the herd and went directly to White Shields lodge.
Soon after., young boys astride of horses were seen brmgiug that greater chiefs herd
of 400 ponies toward camp.
   The news was soon current that the Iron Shirt had probably seen signs of the enemy;
and the herds, aggregating several thousand head were brought nearer the camp.
As is the Indian custom, all the stock had been driven to water long before sundown,
and afterward taken to good pasture for the night.
   War horses were marked by a feather at the foretop, or on the tail; or a tiny bell or a fox's
tail danglinp from the neck was an insignia of rank ‘in greatness. _
   All that had taken place in the Cheyenne camp had been discerned by the band of Paw-
nees in their woody rendezvous.
The last traces of the day faded from the West.
   In one of the principal lodges the Cheyenne were singing and drumming the songs
of the grand dance of the Wild Horses weird melody. rising and falling in tenor
tones and semitones and with minor strains resembling the whistling wind among the
   Fifty voices and the beating of a dozen drums blended into one, and without boister-
ousness or discord the nn-noted civerture con-tinued. 
   A disturbance!
   Dogs barked.
   Instantly every voice and drum was silent and every ear listed.
   The staked homes were whinnying wildly.
   The whole Cheyenne camp was on the cub Tivc.
(To be continued.)

May 29, 1891 INDIAN HELPER

(Continued from  last week.)
   Big Spotted Horse, skulking through the grass, was close upon the picket line of ponies,
when one of the herd, keen of scent, .arched its neck and was about to snort and-stampede.
But quick a8 thought the Pawnee gave three sounds with his teeth and tongue-“Tut-
tut-tut!” and tossed a pinch of charm medi- cine into the air.
   - The pony lowered its bristling mane and was ‘subdued. It. was no longer the wolf
that approached,! although the wolf skin was upon the man ; and the horse continued its
   In this manner, repeating the same man- oeuvre several times, advancing inch by inch
with the stealth, of the panther, Spotted Horse reached the -White Shield's lodge.
   A beautiful Cahmllo P&to was prancing at his stake; now and then taking a bite of grass
and gradually edging away toward the lodge,, as if conscious of some presenae, and .yet only
some stupid crawling thing venturing out. in the darkness and’ scarcely worthy of horse
consideration. ‘Thus the lariat stake came in direct lind and-within a dozen strides of the
Tawnee. -
   Slotted Horse. the man. hailed t.he%nimaq sav-of his name with- “Tut4ut” and ‘blew a ‘fine spray of-c-alamus.root from-his mouth toward the horse. It was’ a pleasing .?ove.nant between the sge and the steed, for Spotted Horse, the ani- mai, raised his nostrils with delight and trot- ted to the man in wolf’s clothing. Old mother White Shield, with her head
under her blanket heard the restlessness of the animal ; and with a tinge of female envy,
   “Booh ! Spotted Horse, you are as vain as a man. Because we bring you from >he herd
to keep you from the enemy, you want to be a chief. Booh! you are a fool, horse. Get
away ! Yod can’t come into the house!” and with a very unlady-like gesture, she
smote the lodge-cover with an old frying pan, and returned to her savage dreams.
The sound of the horse’s trotting signified obedience.
   The Pawnee showed his ivory teeth to the darkness.
   “The opossum leads the pride of the Chog-enne herds away,” he muttered as he severad
the lariat and slowly receded. 
   So far having succeeded, the Pawnee put some dirt upon his head, extended his left
haud upwards and moved his lips to his native syllable8 of: “Ah-te-us, te-uh-rus-kit-
tuk-o, te-rus-tuk-oo-rah-tea, id-y-tut-toolr-rok-eest-a!” “Father, as thou art above, and
powers ofearth,ye I depond upon and follow.” Had the old woman come between the wolf
and its prey, she might have been sacrificed. But Spotted Horse was elated.
He was not after scalps, but four-footed treasures.
   To be seen by the several bands of Pawnees, mounted upon the valiant Cheyenne’s war
horse, that White Shield had often riddeu in battles against them; this satisfi_sd the
Pawnee’s ambition. 
    When Spotted Horse got beyond hearing distance with his prize, he entered a grove of
a~pitthat skirted the river a?d mouuted guard upon his horse.
   The herds were apparently reStleeS.
   The Pawnees had collected their number and.were moving cautiously with their herds,
aqraiting a signal from their leader.
   Soon a horseman was seen riding zigzag in (continued)

June 5, 1891 INDIAN HELPER

Rev. A. J McLeod. Principal of the hdisn Blind and Mark White Shield started for their homes in the Indian Territory Monday night.

June 24, 1892 INDIAN HELPER

Text Copyright (c) 2003 John Sipes. Dawes Roll (Corrected), May 7, 1892. Roll no. and age:

These notes were attached also----Colonel Horn, educated 5 yrs. at Haskell and 6 months at Carlisle. John Peak Heart spent only a few months at Carlisle. Louis White Shield spent 5 yrs. at Carlisle (Cheyenne name was 
Bald Head).


  On Monday afternoon as the weather was fine and springlike it was announced that the races, which were prevented by rain Saturday afternoon, were to come off.
  So as soon as school was out, great was the hurrying and scurrying to get good seats on the athletic field bleachers, while the racers were dressing in the lightest running garb they could put on and be decent.  Bare legs to the knees and bare arms were common, while black chintz "trouserlets" and gauze shirts seemed to be the favorite uniform for the runners.
  It was to be an inter-class affair, and in true relay fashion.
  First, Abram Hill, Lafayette John, Jack Hartley and David Tyndall representing No. 2 school-room ran with Charles Bent, Reuben Shoulder, Frank Whiteeyes and Elias Cekiya of No 3.  Number 3 won.
  Then rooms 4, 5 and 6 lined up.  Preston Pohoxiscut, Uriah Goodcane, Allen Sword, Lewis Whiteshield for No. 4; George Field, Edward Hoag, Fred Hare, and Samuel Decora, for No. 5; Richard Hendricks, King Nephew, Peter Alexander and Wm. Howlingwolf for No. 6.  The latter room won; time 4 minutes and 19 seconds for the mile.  They were classified as class 3.
  Rooms, 7, 8 and 9 were classed as class 2.
  Thomas Tiosh, Randolph Hill, Wilson Charles and Joseph Schildt ran for No. 7; Lewis Webster, Joel Cornelius, Thaddeus Redwater and Thomas Buchanan ran for No. 8; Frank Yarlot, Matthew Johnson, John Kimble and Charles Cusick ran for No. 9.  No. 7 won; time 4:10.
  The last and most interesting race was with Nos. 10, 11, and 12 - the Sophomores, Juniors and Seniors.  Great was the excitement and severe the tension of the runners when this class, designated as 1, lined up as follows:  Nelson Hare, David Johnson, George Moore and Ralph King for the sophomores, No. 10; George Conner, Guy Brown, Frank Beaver, Frank Campeau, for the Juniors, No. 11; Artie Miller, Charles Roberts, Jacob Horne, and Isaac Seneca, the Seniros, class '00, No. 12.  The noble Seniors won; time 4:01.
  How do they race?
  A line is drawn on the track and one from each room making three beginners stand with toe on the mark and wait for a pistol shot, when all start around the track.
  As soon as the line is clear the second runner from each room toes the mark and stands ready to start as soon as his colleague makes the round and touches his and, then the third, and the fourth and so on.  In this way each runner has but a quarter of a mile to go, and by the time the four have made the round the mile is completed.
  Each runner as he came in was blanketed and hastened to his room to recover breath and put on regular clothing.
  The races did not last more than a half-hour and were for practice, but good wholesome rivalry of classes made it interesting for spectators.
  This was the first relay racing, so popular in colleges, that we have experienced at home, but Mr. Thompson promises that it shall not be the last.
  What was the second surprise?

March 31, 1899 INDIAN HELPER

Red Bird, 34, full blood, Chey., husb., married by Indian custom, father Scabby, dead, mother Plain Woman, dead. Prairie Woman, 31, full blood, Chey., wife, father Whiteshield and mother Margaret Whiteshield (Margaret is sister to Medicine Water ,POW)

1902 C&A Family Registar 
Text Copyright (c) 2003 Ruby Bushyhead C&A Family Heirship and Estate Testimonies compiled by John Sipes.

Louis Whiteshield ssys that Okleholsa  Country is:‘very alone some” and the Indians put I” & large- pnrt of their time Iy-ing ono side and smoking long pipes. He is farming and is tanned good and dark  by sun burn. He, wants the Rannrq~ 6r HI&PIG-. ._ nverwe America” eains oomforb and Maud Snyder was one of the girls to go & ood Btanding thr&h HARD WORK hey are willing. to Mrs. Ctmfleld’s, Ocean city, this week. other day: One little girl s&id th; “I don’t care for hsrd work.

July 19, 1901 RED MAN AND HELPER

C&A Carlisle School, Pratt to G.W.H. Stauch. Aug. 6, 1901.
No notes on this........Henry Row of Lodges, Lewis White Shield, Dawes White Bird, Charles Bent, George Balenti, and Raymond Buffalo Meat.

Text Copyright (c) 2004 John Sipes
(Berthrong Cheyenne Collection. Carlisle School Section.)

Felix Whiteshield and Calf Road had daug. born July 1, 1905, named Helen Whiteshield.

John Quiver/Ben Whiteshield and Red Blanket had son born Sept. 8, 1905, named Henry
Whiteshield/Black Hawk.

Births From Undated Pages Found In 1902 C&A Family Registar (Cheyennes)
Text Copyright (c) 2003 Ruby Bushyhead compiled by John L. Sipes.

Vol. 160:411-413 C.E. Shell to Comm., Mar. 6, 1909.
Lewis White Shield (Bald Head), patent for half of alott.,E1/2 of SW1/4-8-15-21, value $2000, 28 years old, full blood, attended school at Carlisle for 5 years, good character and reputation, industrious, only partially self supporting, has not developed any of his land and land leased 
for $80.00 a year, recommends patent for half of his alott.

Text Copyright (c) 2003 John Sipes Collection..

This farming and grazing lease of the S/W 1/4 of 17-19-14, Oklahoma, for 1 year from 8-21-18 to 12-31-18, consisting of 160 acres, near Canton, Okla., belonged to Co-hoe, Deceased. His heirs show to be:
Feathers, born 1844; White Shield, 1802; Happy Woman, 1862; White Eagle, 1856; Chunky Finger Nail, 1864; White Hawk, 1873; Sistini, 1854; William Two Moons, 1884; White Fawn, 1861.
William Two Moons is a Northern Cheyenne. The rest of the heirs are from the Red Moon band of Cheyennes (Oklahoma).Clifford Eagle Feathers, an Elk Horn Scraper Warrior Society headsman and ceremonial person from Montana, stated to John Sipes on November 29, 2004, that the family Two Moons and the family Two Moon are not related such as the late Chief Two Moon family is not related to William Two Moons family.
The White Shield family of the Red Moon band of Cheyennes is related to the Medicine Water extended family through the marriage of Margaret White Shield, full sister to Medicine Water. She married the old White Shield.

Text Copyright (c) 2004 Sipes/Berthrong Cheyenne Family Oral Histories - Standing Bird Family

Albert Whiteshield, Nightwatchman, 360. Cantonment, Oklahoma

February 24, 1911 ARROW

Katie C. Horn/Mrs. Whiteshield,20,female,married,died 2-19-1914, next of kin, Raymond/Herbert Whiteshield,husb. and Silas Whiteshield,son. (Silas was raised by Mattie Standing Bird, grandmother of John Sipes--- Sipes Family Cheyenne Oral Histories)

Births and Deaths of C&As (no name of vol. pages only shown)
Text Copyright (c) 2003 Ruby Bushyhead compiled by John Sipes.

Etta Belle Wilson, female, born 1905; Olga White Shield, dau., born 1923, has a son named John
Canoe, who is a Chief of Police, in Kingston, Okla., as of July 2003)

Census of the Cheyenne Indians of the C&A Agency, Seger Agency taken on June 30, 1927,  by L.S.Bonnin, Superintendent.
John Sipes Cheyenne Collection. 2003

Chey. & Arap. Messenger.
Vol. 1, July 1930, No. 7.
On June 29 our missionaries, Mr. and Mrs. Linschied, were called to Geary to help celebrate the 50th anniversary of the beginning of our mission work among the Cheyennes and Arapahoes. The work was begun at Darlington in 1880. Harvey White Shield and Robert Hamilton conducted the services. White Skunk assisted.
Thomas and Deer Creek District.
On June 12th Little Blanche Heap of Birds was taken to be with the Lord. Funeral services were held the next day and attended by two families who are related from Oklahoma City.
Felix White Shield has invented a new way of hatching eggs. He bought a few eggs from a neighbor, wrapped them in cotton and laid them in the henhouse. Without any further attention most of the eggs produced chicks after three weeks. Some day Felix may be a rich man if he he developes his genius for invention.
Old Man White Shield of Hammon deserves special attention. He wrote the Supt. Bonnin to postpone all Indian gatherings until late August so the people can tend to the crops.

Text Copyright (c) 2005 Sipes/Berthrong Cheyenne Collections. - Messenger News.

Chey. & Arap. Messenger.
Vol. 1, August 1930, No. 8.
William (Bud) Howling Wolf was quite sick but is able to be up and around again. His oldest son Leslie has taken sick now.
White Skunk is suffering from an infected knee.
Clinton and Hammon.
On July 18th Virginia Heap of Birds, one year old, died near Clinton.  The little body was laid to rest in the family cemetery. Only six weeks ago these mourning parents had buried their three year old daughter.
The rebuilt house of Felix White Shield is nearly done.
Harry Flynn is building a new summer shade.
Clinton and Hammon.
Lone Wolf, one of our oldest Indians at Clinton, is a good reporter of Indian news.
A baby girl was born to Flynn and Francis Goose of Clinton on July 29.

Text Copyright (c) 2005 Sipes/Berthrong Cheyenne Collections. - Messenger News.

See also: Man on a Cloud web page for info re: White Shield and Margaret White Shield
Oct. 31, 1940.
Harvey White Shield, back on Oct. 29 from Montana.
Rudy White Shield gone to Montana for 90 days to hunt game.

Text Copyright (c) 2004 Sipe/Berthrong Cheyenne Collections.