Biter. Zo-tom.
Kiowa Ft. Marion POW.
Biter (zo-tom) 
Otto Zotoum. Rg 1328. CIIS ID#282. Listed as Kiowa from Kiowa, Caddo and Wichita Agency. Arrived at CIIS 8/31/1882 at age 12. No data about parents given, but brother listed as Paul Zotoum (at Fort Marion with Pratt). Stayed at CIIS until 6/4/1891 sent home ill. On multiple outings, James Slack Taylorsville, 6/28/1883-9/15/1883, 4/2/1884-8/29/1885; Charles B Comfort, Yardley, 6/8/1886-9/16/1886, 4/8/1887-9/16/1887; G Cotter, Hagersville, 7/23/1890-9/10/1890. Departed CIIS in 7th grade. 

Genevieve Bell NARA Database.

Zotom, Otto 1-37

Above referenced photograph in collections of the Cumberland County Historical Society (CCHS), Carlisle.  For ordering, click here and follow link(s) to get to list and ordering form.

   - Paul Zotom was educated just outside Syracuse, NY ... not Hampton, not Carlisle.  During a visit to Carlisle he taught a group of student boys to bugle, one of whom Petersen speculates was Luther Standing Bear.

    - Paul Zotom was ordained as an Episcopal deacon, later became a Baptist, still later joined the Native American church and "peyote cult." 

   - Was married several times; one of his wives wrote a Ghost Dance song in 1890; his only surviving child was named Otis (Toehay) Cozad. (was  Belo Cozad, the student and flute maker,  related? ... Belo was a Carlisle boy and is included on Stephen Wade's CD of old Library of Congress field  recordings.)

    - Paul Zotom had two brothers who attended the Carlisle School. Their names
were Otto Zotom and Owen Yellow Hair.


I looked at the website for Biter or Otto Zo-tum, who Karen Peterson says is a brother to Paul Zo-tum and Owen Yellowhair.  His parents names weren't listed.  I've been working on Oheltoint's wife Mary Buffalo or Yeagtaupt. Until I start going through the Kiowa/Comanche records at Anadarko, OK, the granddaughter had no idea Yeagtaupt had four husbands. She knew of one previous to Oheltoint.

The BIA records give Mary Buffalo's testimony that Paul Zo-tum was a previous husband. In another testimony in another probate case about another of Paul's wifes, testimony gives the Kiowa parents of Paul Zotum. Lukah, born about 1851, a Mexican captured when young by the Kiowas, testifies Zotum's father's name was Ke-in-ti-ke-ah who died about 1874. His mother was Sah-pooly who died about 1904.

Robert Perry, email message 

  The non-commissioned officers as now settled upon for the present school year are:
  Sergeant Major Richard Davis; Sergeants for Company A: Chester Cornelius, Dick Wallace, Joel Tyndall, Stacy Matlock, and Wm. Morgan.
  Corporals Brule I.E. Feather, Roland Fish, Samuel Keryte, Calls Horselooking, and Work Together.
  Sergeants for Company B: Frank Lock, Kish Hawkins, Luther Kuhns, Geo. Thomas, Timber Yellowrobe.
  Corporals Harvey Warner, Arrow R. Horse, Jos. Lone Wolf, Constant Bread, Frank Dorian.
  Sergeants for Company C: William Brown, Luke Phillips, Carl Leider, Otto Zotom, Phillips White.
  Corporals, Jessie Cornelius, Staley, Jonas Place, Albert Anderson, Chas. Wolf.
September 30, 1887 INDIAN HELPER

  Hurrah! We had a husking bee, too! On last Saturday, 90 boys went to the lower farm and husked 26 acres of corn, tied the fodder, cleaned the corn of silk, put half of it in the crib, and were home by 3:30 P.M.  Over half of the boys had never before husked corn.  The boys returned in military file, for fun, carrying cornstalks for swords and handkerchiefs for flags.  They enjoyed the day hugely.  Maurice Walker husked 40 shocks, coming out best in speed.  Otto Zotom was next best.

October 28, 1887 INDIAN HELPER


  The case sent off to Washington on the 9th for the Senate Indian Committee room give assurance that Carlisle is swinging the hammer, driving the plane, going through the drill of the awl and the needle, and, with it all, studying to good effect.
  Among the blacksmith's work is a hammer made by Arthur Elk; it is just the sort of thing one would like to bring down where he wanted to make a deep impression.  Jesse Paul has also made a hammer, and Stailey a hammer head.  Samuel Keryte has made his hooks and horse shoes well, but the latter can't be put to use in Washington because there is only a pair.  Pincers, pliers and tongs are made by William Baird and pincers and hooks by Jesse Cornelius.  Frank Locke has forged an open link.  This may be the very "missing link" long sought for, the link of labor that marks the passage from the inefficiency of the brute to  "The strong working hand that makes strong the working brain."
  The carpenter's exhibit made one wish that he were going to build a house for the sake of having such a door of cherry and walnut with beveled panels and finished by Luther Kuhns in a way to be remembered, and to have also inlaid floors as true and exquisitely fitted as the mitre pieces and the squares of Frank Jannies and John Londrosh.  There was also a beautiful tabletop of walnut and ash made wholly by Wilbur Dechezin, an Apache who has been only six months at his trade, and Juan Cordero furnished the hammer handles.
  Charles Hood, James Paint Yellow, Phillips B. White, and Fred Harris have well made samples of tinware; while Wilkie Sharp with an instrument of the same nature as his name, has stitched a jacket warranted to wear.
  The blinders are made by Isaac Williams, Peter Cornelius, and Harold Dodestenay, and other parts of the harness by Frank Dorian, William Springer, Victoriano Gatchupin; while a care for the welfare of the understanding is shown by the shoemaker boys, Samuel Dion, Harvey Warner, Otto Zotom and Felix Iron Eagle Feather, one giving a button, and three, a laced boot.
  All the painting and lettering of the cases - and a workman may be proud of this - has been done by Conrad Roubidaux, a Sioux.  On glancing over his composition found among the school work, the words of Dr. Vincent about working and thinking came to mind.  It begins: "Love is such a small word that so many people don't possess it.  If they do keep it, they don't show it when there's a chance come to them."  As he worked out his colors his thoughts must have put themselves into clear outlines also.
  The work from the Sewing Room is beautifully done; the dainty slippers, the dresses, the fine darning, all do credit to the skill that created them.  Laura Standing Elk, Jemima Two Elks, Annie Thomas, Cecelia Londrosh, Martha Napawat, Ida Whiteface, Madge Nason, Annie Lockwood and May Paisano all have handiwork here.
  The case with school work contained maps, a drawing, examples in Arithmetic, a drawing in Natural Philosophy with explanation, definitions and sentences, and an essay upon Civil Government.  In the books of "Sample Work of all Grades" sent with the case are specimens of the pupils' work in Arithmetic, Geography, Book-keeping, History, Civil Government, maps, compositions and illustrations in Natural Philosophy and also sketches.  Many samples of this work deserve commendation as much as the mechanical work which has been mentioned, but the number of those who are here, and not their want of merit, prevents using their names.
  The photographs of the students in school, of the girls at work, of the Indian boys at the Philadelphia Centennial, the groups of pupils as they arrived at Carlisle and as they appeared after even a few months at school, are full of interest.  In looking at these groups it is plain that the change made by their stay here is not only in the dress, but in the faces of the children, for intelligence and a gentler expression light them.

February 17, 1888 INDIAN HELPER

  The event of the week was the marriage of Richard Davis, (Cheyenne) and Nannie Aspenall (Pawnee) in the chapel Tuesday noon, by Rev. Dr. Norcross, of Carlisle. The large flag that draped the platform and the bank of blooming plants in front of the reading desk, gave a touch of brightness to the scene.
  We thought the bridal party as they came down the aisle to the glad strains of the "Wedding March," and took their places in front, unusually decorous and self-possessed. The bridesmaids and groomsmen were - Chester Cornelius, Dessie Prescott; Wm. Morgan, Edith Abner; Phillip White, Lily Cornelius; Joel Tyndall, Lily Wind; John D. Miles, Phebe Howell; Otto Zotom, Annie Thomas.
  The simple service, clear and full of feeling, was followed by an earnest prayer and the newly married pair passed out. The guests and employees followed, wending their way to the sewing room, where a reception was held and all enjoyed an ample lunch.
  An hour of pleasant intercourse quickly passed - the good byes were said - rice thrown after the happy pair - and they were gone - launched on the new life to make for themselves a white man's home in the white man's country.
  Quite a number of presents were given them. The boys gave them a sewing machine, the girls a chamber set. Other friends gave a beautiful Bible, table and tea spoons, a clock, towels, white spread, tea set, large engraving, little stove, brass tea kettle, splasher, tidies, books, iron and stove holders, tea towels, bureau covers, etc.

March 23, 1888 INDIAN HELPER


   It came New Year’s Night.
   Every boy and girl, man, woman and child, black, red and white, who last Tuesday night listened to the sweet songs, the well rendered recitations; who beheld the bewitching pipe-drill, the pretty postures, the exquisite statuary, the unique and charming art-gallery must say without reserve that the scenic effect, the whole get-up of the occasion was the most impressive and indeed the very best that has ever been given by the pupils of any class or sociecy of our school.
   The Girls’ Literary Society deserves great credit, and they received as much as it was possible to give at the time with prolonged and enthusiastic cheering.
   The address of welcome delivered by the Society’s President, Eva Johnson, was most appropriate and well spoken.
   May Paisano stood in a lovely garden, at the entrance of a gate in which was standing her pet dog, as she said her “Seven times one.”
   How sweet was the echo song, by the society! As the distant sound was heard the audience became breathless, which quietness was only exceeded when the first tramp, tramp, tramp and singing of the approaching society was heard, immediately after the  audience had gathered. They marched, and sang as they marched back and forth between the seats until all were in position. And, boys, did you notice that they put down the left foot at the right time in the music?
   The Quartette deserves special mention.  The four voices of Lily Wind, Clara Faber, Katie Grinrod, and Anna Ghomas blended sweetly.
   In the statuary, Lydia Fling represented "Liberty Enlightening the World".  The representation was perfect as she stood so majestically holding the red torch in air.  She was motionless as the statue itself, and the audience broke out in rapturous applause. 
   The other pieces-“Looking out at Sea,"-Cecelia Londrosh and Anna Marmon; “The Archer-Mary Natsawa; “Ruth” of the Bible-Zippta Metoxen; and “The Water Carrier,“- Anna Thomas, we could have looked at all night.
   The Art Gallery?
   The audience was again held spell bound with surprise and delight, when the curtain arose on a room-full of living pictures. Lilly Cornelius, Hattie Wind, Hattie Porcupine, Susie Bond, Janette Rice. Annie Morton and Belinda Archiquette stood in the frames and were as “pretty as pictures”. Indeed we thought they *were* pictures until Topsy appeared with dust brush in hand.
   Even pictures had to laugh at Topsy, she was so fuuny.
   Clara Faber, it was, and a more perfect imitation of a real little negro girl full of tricks cannot be imagined. 
   Hope was the artist, and if she has any of those pictures for sale no doubt she can get a good price.
   Girls, your old friend could go on and on, and on until his little paper would be more than filled telling how pleased every one was and how well you did your parts, but we have said enough to show that you have carried off the prize of “THE BEST.”
   Now hold it.
   The girls are very grateful for the kindly assistauce given the night of the entertainment by Mr. Given, Henry Kendall, Otto Zotom, Geo. Means and others, and are under great obligations to Miss Nana Pratt, for suggestion and help from the beginning.

January 4, 1889 INDIAN HELPER.

   We are glad to hear fo the following boys having determined to remain at Carlisle until their education is more complete:  William Morgan, Stacy Matlack, Robert Mathews, Wilkie Sharpe, Carl Lieder, Joe Stewart, Calls Horse Looking, Frank Everett, Fred B. Horse, Wounded Yellow Robe and Otto Zotom.  There are a number of the girls also who expect to stay including some of this year's graduating class who will now enter a higher school than Carlisle.  Several will go to State Normal Schools next year.

June 7, 1889 INDIAN HELPER

   During the last week the following pupils have gone out upon farms:  Norman Cassadore, Cotton Wood, Nicholas Ruleau, Gilbert Pusher, Isaac Baird, Donald Water, Austin Navajoe, Eagle Little Hawk, Stacy Matlack, Billy Norkok, George Nyruah, Levi St. Cyr, Chas. Damon, Otto Zotom,  Joe Harris, Thos. Pelcoya, Lyman Kennedy, Clay Domineah, Albert Silas, Peter Snow, Jonas Place, Richard W. Yellow Robe, Levi Levering, Stailey Norcross, William Tivis, Thos. Wistar, Jesse Cornelius, Lorenzo Martinez, Susie Bond, Susie Gray, Isabella T. Dogs, Carrie Deroun, Amelia Elseday, Lois P. Scalp, Lydia Flint, Nellie Robertson, Emmaline Clark, Rose Howell, Mattie Khuno, Nellie Iddings, Etta Robertson.

July 5, 1889 INDIAN HELPER

   By request of several pupils in the country we publish the names of the new choir, as follows :
   Sopranos: Elizabeth Wind, Katie Grinrod, Eva Johnson, Adelia Lowe, Celicia Wheelock, Etta Robertson. Hattie Porcupine, Julia Dorris, Jennie Dubray, Lydia Flint, Louisa Smith, Rosa Lewis and Susie Metoxen.
   Altos: Esther Miller, Jemima Wheelock, Edith Abner, Belinda Archiquette, Julia Bent, Jennie Conners, Nellie Robertson.
   Tenors: Benajah Miles, Chas. Moncravie, Percy Zadoka, Levi St. Cyr, Dennison Wheelock, David Abraham, Jonas Cabay, Marpass Cloud, Reuben Wolf.
   Basses: Robert Mathews, Chester Cornelius, Levi Levering, Stacy Matlack, Carl Leider, Gary Myers, Otto Zotom, Peter Cornelius, John Tyler.

October 18, 1889 INDIAN HELPER

Otto Zotom has gone to Hampton, for a visit. 

February 14, 1890 INDIAN HELPER

We have the pleasure of having Otto Zotom, a Kiowa boy from Carlisle, here visiting with
us. He keeps company with Tyrrel, a little sick boy of the same tribe. Tyrrel is the only Kiowa here and can speak no English. so we hope that our Carlisle friend and he will have good times together in the hospital. Hampton will try and make his visit a pleasure to him.-Talks and Thoughts.

March 14, 1890 INDIAN HELPER

Otto Zotom returned from Hampton, Va., where he went to visit a little sick friend who died while he was there. We will hear what Otto has to say of Hampton when he is at leisure.

March 21, 1890 INDIAN HELPER

....In the afternoon the school assembled and were entertained by appropriate Arbor Day
recitations and singing.
Singing, “Spring has come,  “Nature’s Tribute,” and “April Sons,” by the choir, and "The brave old oak,” by the School. Recitatious and Declamations: “The Object of planting trees,” Martin Archiquette; “Interesting Trees,” Louisa King; “The Elm Tree," Robt. Hamilton; “History of Penn’s Elm,” Henry Phillips; “Little Acorn,” Ulysses Paisano; “Planting of the Apple Tree,” Minnie Topi ; “Exercise on Trees,”boys of No. 5; a declamation by Harvey Warner ; “The Live Oak,” Otto Zotom ; “Among the Trees,” Martinus Johns; and marching and singing by the pupils as they marched, comprised the programme, the most of which was excellently performed...

May 2, 1890  INDIAN HELPER

The following named boys, members of our school Y.M. C. A., left yesterday morning to
attend the State Y.M. C. A., Conveution held at Danville:
Levi Levering, Kish Hawkins, John B. Tyler, Samuel Noble, C. Y. Robe,  Phillips White, Stailey Norcross, Samuel Dion, Otto Zotom, Cotton Wood, Otto Wells, Chas. Clawson, Wm. Morgan Jas. Waldo, Thos. B. Bear, Henry Phillips, Stephen Reuben, Clarence W. Thunder, Chas. Dagnett, Reuben Wolfe, Thos; IIitului, John Hall, Howard Logan, Jas. Hamilton, Andrew Beard, Joseph  Thunder, Cllement W. Soldier, Alex Man-above, Albert Hensley, Fred B. Horse, Eust-
a& Esapovhet, ‘Frank Everett, Luke Bear Shield Victor Tozoski, Robert Matthews, Mark Evarts, Wm. Cochran, Norman Cas 
.Frank Tourewy, Lawrence Smith,

October 24, 1890 INDIAN HELPER

Last night Otto Zotom and John Tyler left for their homes in Indian Territory.

June 5, 1891 INDIAN HELPER

A letter from Otto Zotom at Kiowa Aaency I. T., says he feels quite strong again and
hopes to be back in the Fall.

June 19, 1891 INDIAN HELPER

Otto Zotom writes of the deplorable condition in which he finds things at home for him, and
wants to come back to fit himself to meet emergencies.

July 10, 1891 INDIAN HELPER

Otto Zotom is very sick at his home in the Territory, and we hear that Julia Given is
suffering from chills and fever. John Tyler at the Cheyenne Agency is also sick. The Indian Territory is a very sickly place generally at this season of the year.

September 25, 1891 INDIAN HELPER

Joe W. Hunter, whom we used to know as Joe Hunterboy, writes from the Kiowa and
Comanche Agency Indian territory, that Otto Zotom is still ill, but he is trying to help him
all that he can.

January 29, 1892 INDIAN HELPER